In the southern part of the Couchuah region, just south of the Chicxulub fracture zone, one would expect to find less settlement due to the scarcity of cenotes and other water sources. This is true if one focus on colonial and modern settlement. Not so for the Prehispanic period. During this time the area had perhaps the greatest settlement density of the whole region. There is more or less continuous settlement from the site of Sisal to Tabasquito. These are not major sites, just smaller buildings spread out across a great area and here and there there is a cluster of some larger buildings. According to one informant, from the small village of Tabasco, this settlement continuous all the way to Lake Chichancanab. Judging from excavations at the sites of Sisal and San Felipe this settlement appears to be Terminal Classic and an earlier presence was also substantial.
One of the sites that were recorded last year was Candelaria in the western part of this extended settlement area (or centrally located if the settlement continuous to Chichancanab). The northern part of the site has most structures: one structure with megalithic cut stones, a small round building, a small plaza with three mounds (2.5-4 m high), and a couple of smaller platforms.
In the southern part of the site we find the largest structure, called S1W1-1. This 5.5 m high building sits on an elevated terrace. The building once had a principle vaulted room at the summit and two smaller flanking rooms on a lower elevation. There are columns located on and near the front terrace. Most notable were two X-shaped, Puuc-style mosaic elements that were located on the front of the building. These were located adjacent to a partly intact Puuc-style wall line that had been buried under a later construction. Now, as you may already have noted, these X’s are now part of this blog’s header.